Weekly News Summary for Admins — 2019-05-17

This Monday, macOS 10.14.5 (and all the related updates) dropped. The timing was surprising, but became clearer when the news on a new group of Intel CPU vulnerabilities arrived as well.

10.14.5 brings some mitigations to these vulnerabilites, but to be sure, you would have to disable Hyperthreading on your CPU(s) which brings up to 40% performance hit.

With 10.14.5 the new notarization rules for applications and kernel extensions arrive as well. All of this is once again demonstrating the importance (and the challenges) of IT being able to quickly roll-out and support system updates.

There are still a few spots left for the “Introduction to Scripting macOS” class on May 27/28!

If you would rather get the weekly newsletter by email, you can subscribe to the Scripting OS X Weekly Newsletter here!! (Same content, delivered to your Inbox once a week.)

On Scripting OS X

News and Opinion

Apple Updates

Articles

Tweets

  • mikeymikey: “macOS Mojave 10.14.5 (18F132)… ”
  • Jason Broccardo on Twitter: “#macadmins n.b. the both the 10.14.5 and iTunes Device Support Update updates have trailing spaces when you are looking at the CLI softwareupdate listing. If you want to CLI install you’ll need to account for that.”
  • Marnin: “When using the Time Server payload on earlier version of macOS 10.14, the time zone was not getting set properly.”
  • Ken Case: “Today Apple released macOS Mojave 10.14.5, which fixes a CoreAnimation drawing issue that was affecting customers using large OmniOutliner and OmniPlan documents. If you’re a Mac customer using Mojave, I strongly recommend updating!”

MDS/Zombieload

MacAdmins on Twitter

  • Caleb Coy: “Was just reminded that the #macadmins Slack community turns 4 this weekend. I don’t know about y’all, but a lot has happened for me in that time and having this community has helped so much.”
  • Daniel Jalkut: “Heads up Mac developers: the ”codesign –preserve-entitlements=runtime“ parameter does not actually preserve the runtime flag. Radar #50697511.”
  • Timo Perfitt: “Interesting that the additional recovery partition key combos are only available if you have installed 10.12.4 or later at least once.”
  • Adam Codega: “A configuration profile is never late. Nor is it early; it arrives precisely when it means to.”
  • Kitzy: “macOS Mojave 10.14.5 has been out for over 48 hours now. Still no sign of it in Jamf’s patch management. It’s frustrating that Jamf finally got the mechanics of patch management down but crippled it by making us all rely on Jamf for patch definitions that are slow to update.”
  • Ricky Mondello: “Did you know that you can drag Safari’s Downloads popover by its title into being a detached, free-standing window, so you can more easily monitor your long-running downloads?”

Bugs and Security

Support and HowTos

Scripting and Automation

Updates and Releases

To Listen

Just for Fun

Support

There are no ads on my webpage or this newsletter. If you are enjoying what you are reading here, please spread the word and recommend it to another Mac Admin!

If you want to support me and this website even further, then consider buying one (or all) of my books. It’s like a subscription fee, but you also get a useful book or two extra!

Scripting OS X

Open Apps with custom Shortcuts in macOS

Someone on the MacAdmins Slack recently asked how you could assign a global keyboard short cut to open Terminal on macOS.

Note: alternative terminal applications such as iTerm2 may have this built-in.

macOS has an option to assign custom global keystrokes to pretty much anything, but it is not obvious how to get there.

  • First, open the Automator application. In the chooser for a new Workflow, choose ‘Quick Action’ (on Mojave) or ‘Service’ on earlier versions of macOS.
The new Workflow chooser in Mojave
The new Workflow chooser in Mojave
  • In the new workflow configure the input to be ‘no input’ and the application to be ‘any application.’
  • Then search for ‘Launch Application’ action in the library pane on the left and add it to your workflow by double-clicking or dragging.
  • The popup menu where you can slect an application in the action will only show applications from the /Applications folder. Choose ‘Other…’ and select Terminal in the ’/Applications/Utilities` folder.
Configure your workflow
Configure your workflow
  • Save the workflow. Give it a meaningful name such as ‘Open Terminal.’ Since you chose Quick Action or Service, this workflow will be saved in ~/Library/Services.
  • Open System Preferences > Keyboard. Click the ‘Shortcuts’ tab and select ‘Services’ from the list on the left side. (Even on Mojave, it is still called ‘Services’.)
  • Scroll all the way down the list of services under the ‘General’ heading, you should find the service you just created. Select it and click ‘Add Shortcut’ to assign a global shortcut.
Keyboard Shortcut Preferences
Keyboard Shortcut Preferences
  • You are done!

When the active application uses the same keystroke, the application’s definition will precede your global shortcut.

Of course, you don’t have stop at launching applications. You can assign a global keyboard shortcut to any Automator workflow this way. Since Automator workflows can include AppleScript, Python or shell scripts, you can do pretty much anything this way!

However, most Apple users don’t bother with shortcuts to launch apps. Just invoke Spotlight with command-space and start typing term and hit return.

Scripting OS X

Weekly News Summary for Admins — 2019-05-10

More 10.15 and iOS13 rumors (or previews), Microsoft goes Terminal and open source and leaks the Chromium-based Edge browser for Mac, Mac admins continue to explore the effects of the 10.14.5 notarization requirements, and Adobe ‘unauthorizes’ old versions.

In additonal news, I will be giving Scripting Classes at Pro Warehouse in Amsterdam. The first class is a two-day “Introduction to Scripting macOS.” If you are interested, you can get more information and register here!

If you would rather get the weekly newsletter by email, you can subscribe to the Scripting OS X Weekly Newsletter here!! (Same content, delivered to your Inbox once a week.)

On Scripting OS X

News and Opinion

MacAdmins on Twitter

  • mikeymikey: “Just sharing this out here – because I didn’t know this detail – and codesign and spctl don’t show this particular reason for Gatekeeper rejection”
  • William Smith: “Download Microsoft Edge (Canary) for Mac, Reference the chromium.org key/value pairs here: www.chromium.org/administrators/policy-list–3 Use “com.microsoft.Edge.Canary” domain to manage (plist or configuration profile).”
  • Patrick Fergus: “I annotated Adobe’s “authorized” applications table with “marketing” versions. Note “if an Adobe product is not listed in the table below, all versions continue to be authorized.””

Bugs and Security

Support and HowTos

Scripting and Automation

Apple Support

Updates and Releases

To Listen

Just for Fun

Support

There are no ads on my webpage or this newsletter. If you are enjoying what you are reading here, please spread the word and recommend it to another Mac Admin!

If you want to support me and this website even further, then consider buying one (or all) of my books. It’s like a subscription fee, but you also get a useful book or two extra!

Scripting OS X

Learn Scripting at Pro Warehouse!

I am really excited about this!

Pro Warehouse is extending their services with training for Mac IT specialists. We call it the ‘Pro Academy.’ As part of that, we are going to offer two-day Scripting macOS classes!

The first class is “Introduction to Scripting macOS.”

The point of this class is to overcome the first hurdles of a very daunting and complex topic. You will learn the basics of bash scripting (and debugging). The goal you can start scripting and gain experience on your own, without getting into too much trouble. The class is designed specifically for Mac adminstrators, so most of the examples and exercises will have direct application for Mac system management. You will learn both scripting and some useful adminstration tools.

Later, we will also offer an “Advanced Scripting macOS” class, that builds on the first, which will go deeper and address more complex topics.

The Scripting classes are designed and held by myself. I do have to thank the entire team at Pro Warehouse for the amazing effort everybody put in to make this happen.

The Scripting classes (and our other management classes) will be offered in our new training facility at the Pro Warehouse offices in Amsterdam! Classes will be offered in English, so international participants are welcome!

Register here!

I am looking forward to seeing you there!

Scripting OS X

On Smart Quotes and Terminal

Typography is a wonderful art and has a long history. When humans turned from manual typesetting to machines, type writers and then computers, some compromises had to be made. One of these compromises was to use simple straight quote symbols for opening and closing the quote, rather than different quote symbols for opening and closing.

Note: which kind of quotes are used for opening and closing dependent on the language or and some convention. English uses upper quotes “…”, German opens with a lower quote: „…“, French uses ‘guillemets:’ «…», and Japanese uses hooks: 「…」

Quotation Marks have funny names in many languages. Germans call them “Gänsefüßchen,” or “little goose feet.”

See this Wikipedia article for more details.

macOS, iOS and other modern operating systems have a feature which replaces the simple or straight quote symbols with the typographic quotes. So, you type "Hello!" and the quotes are automatically replaced with the proper (depending on localization) typographic quotes. This is called “smart quotes.”

This is pretty nice, but can be troublesome when dealing with Terminal and text editors. Scripting languages and shells always use straight quotes, and cannot deal with typographic quotes.

Now, if someone sends you a command or a script that uses quotes, and it goes through an app that replaces them with smart quotes, then bash and Terminal will fail miserably.

There is not much you can do, other than be aware of this and check pasted code carefully. There is something you can do to make this easier, though.

The default monospace font used in Terminal on macOS are ‘Menlo’ or ‘SF Mono,’ depending on the macOS version. Now these are fine typefaces, but their typographic quotes are not very curly at all, making them very hard to distinguish from the ‘dumb’ straight quotes that Terminal expects. The classic ‘Monaco’ typeface on the other hand has beautiful curly typographic quotes, making them very distinct from the the straight quote.

My favorite mono space typeface ‘Source Code Pro’ also has nice curly typographic quotes. I have built this table with many common monospace typefaces and their quotes.

Quotation Mark Comparison
Quotation Mark Comparison

Now this shouldn’t be your only criteria in choosing your Terminal font, but it may be something that helps avoid quote errors.

Scripting OS X